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Typhoid (also called "typhoid fever") is a serious disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Untreated typhoid infection may lead to kidney failure, or intestinal bleeding caused by perforation (forming of a hole), which can be fatal. If the infection spreads to the gallbladder, the infected person may become a chronic carrier of the bacteria that causes typhoid. A carrier may have no symptoms but is capable of spreading the infection to others.
Typhoid can cause high fever, muscle aches, severe headache, weakness, confusion or agitation, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, and rose-colored spots on the skin.
Typhoid is spread through contact with the stool (bowel movements) of a person infected with the bacteria. This usually occurs by eating food or drinking water that has become contaminated with feces from an infected person. Once in the digestive tract, typhoid infection can spread to the blood and other parts of the body.
Typhoid fever is most common in non-industrialized parts of the world, especially Asia, Africa, and Central or South America. People who travel to those regions are at risk of coming into contact with the disease.
Typhoid vaccine is used to help prevent this disease in adults and children who are at least 6 years old. Although not part of a routine immunization schedule in the U.S., typhoid vaccine is recommended for people who travel to areas where the disease is common.
This vaccine works by exposing you to a small amount of the bacteria, which causes your body to develop immunity to the disease.
Typhoid vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body, and will not prevent any disease caused by bacteria other than Salmonella typhi.
Like any vaccine, the typhoid vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.
You should not receive this vaccine if you have a fever with any type of infection or illness, or a weak immune system caused by disease or by using certain medicines such as chemotherapy.
You should not receive this vaccine if you have ever had an allergic reaction to typhoid vaccine in the past, or if you have:
- fever with any type of infection or illness;
- a weak immune system caused by disease such as HIV/AIDS or cancer; or
- a weak immune system caused by receiving certain medicines such as steroids, chemotherapy or radiation.
If you have any of these other conditions, your vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all:
- stomach flu or any illness with vomiting or diarrhea;
- if you are taking an antibiotic, especially a sulfa drug (Azulfidine, Bactrim, Gantrisin, Septra, SMX-TMP or SMZ-TMP, and others); or
- if you plan to start taking anti-malaria medicine within 10 days after receiving a typhoid oral vaccine.
You can still receive a vaccine if you have a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness such as stomach flu or fever, the doctor may ask you to wait until you get better before you can receive the vaccine.
Vaccines may be harmful to an unborn baby and generally should not be given to a pregnant woman. However, not vaccinating the mother could be more harmful to the baby if the mother becomes infected with a disease that this vaccine could prevent. Your doctor will decide whether you should receive this vaccine, especially if you have a high risk of infection with typhoid.
It is not known whether typhoid vaccine passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Our experienced nurses visit patient’s home and help with vaccination at home. We also provide vaccination at corporate offices for employees and for institutions also.
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